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※ 本文轉寄自 ptt.cc 更新時間: 2013-07-27 09:08:46
看板 Gossiping
作者 thisisnobody (nobody)
 [新聞] 經濟學人:台積電好棒

時間 Sat Jul 27 01:06:15 2013

A fab success
The smartphone boom has been a boon for a pioneer in semiconductors
Jul 27th 2013 | TAIPEI |From the print edition
Source: http://tinyurl.com/mvm4tu6
TSMC: A fab success | The Economist
Still going strong WHEN he founded Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) in 1987, Morris Chang recalls, “Nobody thought we were going anywhere.” Back... ...

WHEN he founded Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) in 1987,
Morris Chang recalls, “Nobody thought we were going anywhere.” Back then
the rule was that semiconductor companies both designed and made chips. TSMC
was the first pure “foundry”, making chips for designers with no factories,
or “fabs”, of their own. The doubts of others suited TSMC nicely. Mr Chang,
at 82 still chairman and in his second stint as chief executive, says that
meant it suffered no competition in its first eight years.

These days the idea is more popular. Last year foundries made about half of
all logic chips (the ones that carry out computations, as opposed to memory
chips, a more commoditised market). United Microelectronics Corporation, a
slightly older Taiwanese company, turned itself into a pure-play foundry in
1995. GlobalFoundries, with factories in America, Germany and Singapore, was
set up in 2009.

Yet the pioneer still dominates. This year, predicts Samuel Wang of Gartner,
a research firm, TSMC’s revenues will exceed those of all other foundries
combined. He reckons it has 90% of the world market for advanced 28-nanometre
chips, which are essential to smartphones and tablets. TSMC’s sales in the
second quarter, reported on July 18th, were NT$156 billion ($5.2 billion),
21% more than a year before. Its net income rose by 24%, to NT$52 billion.
That said, growth should slow in the second half of the year, Mr Chang told
analysts, because smartphone-makers have been building up their inventories
of chips ahead of new-product launches and because sales of PCs and some
smartphones have been weaker than expected. Sales could even shrink in the
fourth quarter.

TSMC has thrived on a mixture of serendipity and anticipation. “The market
moved in the direction in which we were heading,” says Mr Chang. The boom in
mobile computing has meant a bonanza for several long-standing customers,
which range from Qualcomm, an American firm that dominates the market for
smartphones’ application processors, to MediaTek, a Taiwanese neighbour that
has burst onto the scene more recently. Sales to Chinese designers such as
Allwinner, Rockchip and Spreadtrum, whose chips power inexpensive Android
tablets and phones, have doubled in the past year; these all license
low-energy chip technology from ARM, a British firm that has been a partner
of TSMC’s since 2004.

The “grand alliance” of TSMC and the chip designers, as Mr Chang has called
it, has done far better from the shift to mobile devices than Intel, the world
’s biggest chipmaker. Intel both designs and makes chips (in industry argot,
it is an integrated device manufacturer, or IDM). Its processor chips are the
brains of most personal computers, but demand for these has been falling.
Although Intel’s newest processors are much less thirsty and the firm is
determined to break into the mobile market, it has so far struggled. Its
second-quarter revenues fell by 5% and its net income by 29%.

A combination of fabless designers and a pure foundry works well, Mr Chang
explains, because the designers “don’t have to worry about the
capital-intensive part of the business any more”: the foundry provides the
scale. At the same time, fabless companies, of which he reckons there are
about 50 with annual revenues of at least $100m, compete with one another and
with IDMs. “This diverse group has in total produced more innovation than
any single IDM…Just look at the mobile products,” he says.

The battle lines between the alliance and its rivals continue to shift. Intel
has entered the foundry business—and recently snaffled a contract with
Altera, an American designer that has been a customer of TSMC’s for 20
years. “I really regret that very much,” Mr Chang says. “I had an
investigation into why that happened.”

On another front, TSMC is fighting Samsung. The South Korean company makes
processors not only for itself but also for Apple, even though the two are
deadly rivals in smartphones and tablets. In addition it is the world’s
biggest maker of memory chips. Recently the Wall Street Journal reported that
TSMC, after years of effort, had won a contract to make chips for iPhones and
iPads—a victory that will have stung Samsung. (The Taiwanese company has not
commented.) Mr Chang says that he takes neither Intel nor Samsung lightly,
but insists: “We have one big advantage: we are a pure foundry. We do not
compete with our customers.” No matter how hard Intel and Samsung try, he
says, they will not enjoy the same trust.

The big question hanging over TSMC is whether it can find a worthy successor
to its octogenarian boss. It has had one false start already: he stood down
as chief executive in 2005, but took the helm again in 2009. No handover is
planned yet, but last year three men were appointed “co-chief operating
officers”. Probably at least two of these, or maybe all three, will end up
as joint chief executives. A ménage à trois could prove farcical. But
perhaps TSMC’s board thinks its founder is too good an act for one man to


台積電面對Intel 和 ***的挑戰何懼之有
因為台積跟他們不同 不跟客戶競爭 純代工

但是 隱憂是Morris太強了 找不到接班人

※ 發信站: 批踢踢實業坊(ptt.cc)
◆ From:
takmingnoob:這篇英文程度也太初學07/27 01:07
DASHOCK:等馬總統表揚再說07/27 01:07
magi3Q:2330幫大家賺好多錢 感謝07/27 01:07
DASHOCK:主要股東是外資吧....07/27 01:07
KobeRossi:回1f 通常這類英文程度文章 都是華人寫的07/27 01:08
※ 編輯: thisisnobody    來自:       (07/27 01:09)
iceyeman:幹嘛啦  是想要抽單喔!1F 07/27 01:08
alphish:morris是毛利的意思嗎?2F 07/27 01:10
future314:一個台GG就讓政府高潮 其他電子產業都快GG了3F 07/27 01:10
dream2:該出貨了嗎4F 07/27 01:11
andytaso:看來要跌了5F 07/27 01:11
manlike:2330幫外國人賺好多錢啊~~ XD6F 07/27 01:12
gino0717:你好棒 你好棒 好棒棒 好棒7F 07/27 01:12
marcohpsh:Morris是張忠謀的英文名字8F 07/27 01:12
otaku5566:經濟學人批Ma the bumbler跟36%貪腐後早變黑五類了不是?9F 07/27 01:12
manlike:每年幫歪國人賺千億~ 英國經濟學人: 好棒!! ^__^10F 07/27 01:13
baboosh:年輕人等老人讓位很久了 老張走了 年輕人才有機會11F 07/27 01:23
soheadsome:morris是數邏聖經本的作者嗎?12F 07/27 01:26
coldsword:MORRIS 是張忠謀~13F 07/27 01:27
dogtsing:老張選總統啦!14F 07/27 02:50
SDNS:出貨文15F 07/27 04:47
wsx26997785:趕快推不然會被笑說看不懂英文16F 07/27 07:09

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